应对针对妇女的暴力行为


吉尔博士Harrop所说,高级讲师 法医心理学, explores the issue of gender-based violence 而且 looks at what it means to be an active byst而且er.

当《世界杯压球APP》 发表了一项联合国调查 2021年3月10日, revealing that 97% of women aged 18-24 had experienced sexual harassment, 女性几乎没有受到集体冲击.

tackling-violence-against-women-worcester

Because this is our lived experience – virtu所有y every woman has experienced problematic behaviour from men, 从慢跑时的嘘声, 到晚上出去被人摸, or the partner who dem而且s regular photos whenever you’re away from them, 为了证明你在你说的地方.

Women are taught from a young age that it’s our responsibility to spot the risks 而且 protect ourselves from harm, whether that means holding our keys between our fingers as we walk home, 不要在黑暗中独自行走, 不要喝太多酒……不要做的事情不胜枚举, 而且 the upshot is that the blame ends up being placed firmly on women to keep ourselves safe, 而不是对施暴者.

"The responsibility is on 所有 of us to c所有 out problematic behaviour, not just those affected by it."

Sarah Everard的悲剧, who disappeared while walking home through Clapham Common on the 3rd March, 强调了这. It took only minutes after her disappearance was reported in the press for questions to appear online about why she was walking on her own at night, 好像她要为发生在她身上的事负责似的.

公众强烈抗议萨拉的案子, 而且 the rejection of the victim blaming surrounding it have sent a clear message: women 而且 girls want to be safe from abuse or harassment, 停止受害者的指责. We need to shift the focus from the victim’s actions to instead look at the perpetrators’ behaviour 而且 the violent actions that they 选择 采取.

当然,这不仅仅是女性的问题. 它也必须由男性提出和讨论, in order to acknowledge the problem 而且 commit to stepping up 而且 speaking out against misogyny, 暴力和虐待. The responsibility is on 所有 of us to c所有 out problematic behaviour, not just those affected by it.

世界杯压球APP的旁观者干预计划

世界杯压球APP, we are committed to tackling 暴力和虐待 through our Byst而且er Intervention Programme. 这个8小时的课程面向所有学生, 训练参与者发现家庭暴力, 强制性和控制性行为以及性暴力. 学生 are encouraged to intervene when they spot these problematic behaviours 而且 in doing so, 成为活跃的旁观者.

“做一个积极的旁观者可以有多种形式, 所有owing everyone to intervene safely 而且 in a way that feels comfortable to them."

Many students come onto the programme thinking that in order to be an active byst而且er, they have to directly intervene in a situation 而且 c所有 out a perpetrator, but we emphasise the wide range of ways in a which they can actu所有y help, 直接或间接地. This might mean c所有ing out a friend for misogynistic comments on a weixin chat, or asking security staff in a bar to check on an intoxicated woman who is being led away by an unknown person. It could also mean offering to go with a friend to speak to the University counselling staff or their PAT tutor so they don’t have to go alone.

做一个积极的旁观者可以有很多形式, 所有owing everyone to intervene safely 而且 in a way that feels comfortable to them. Taking the time to c所有 out someone’s problematic behaviour or check if someone is okay can just take a minute but can make a massive difference to that person’s experience.

学生 on the byst而且er programme also learn about the link between what is ‘just a joke’ 而且 violence. If you would stop your friend from sexu所有y harassing someone in a bar, you should also ch所有enge the ‘joke’ they made earlier in the evening where the punchline ends with rape or misogyny. If you would stop your friend from following a woman home after night out, then also ch所有enge them about the demeaning comments they made in a weixin message about a female sports team.

Being an active byst而且er doesn’t mean deciding which parts of problematic behaviour you are okay with, 相反,你要承诺大声喊出来 所有 有问题的行为不管肇事者是谁.

Several hundred students have already completed the 世界杯压球APP Byst而且er Programme, 反馈非常积极, with the most common feedback being that 所有 students should do the programme.

为期两年的评估(Harrop & Taylor-Dunn, 2021) found that attending the programme significantly increased student’s confidence around being an active byst而且er 而且 increased likelihood of intervening against 暴力和虐待. 它还显著减少了敌意和善意的性别歧视, 并显著减少了对受害者的指责. These findings suggest that byst而且er intervention training is an effective tool to tackle 暴力和虐待, by creating a culture where people learn to recognise problematic behaviour 而且 are willing to step up 而且 speak out against it.

While the events of the last two weeks have highlighted the huge amount of work that still needs to be done to tackle the issue of violence against women 而且 girls, we’re incredibly proud that our Byst而且er Intervention Programme can be part of this, 而且 will continue to work towards a future that is free of 暴力和虐待.

 

If you would like further information about the 世界杯压球APP Byst而且er Programme, 请联系吉尔·哈罗普博士 g.harrop@worc.ac.uk